In Bhutan, the progress of the nation is measured using Gross National Happiness (GNH) and not GNP. The philosophy of GNH guided Bhutan’s development process for 40 years. It is an holistic sustainable inclusive development approach based on the belief that development must be human centered and enable individuals to achieve well-being and happiness that have economic, social, political and spiritual dimensions.
The four pillars of GNH are equitable social economic development (that includes pursuit of GDP), ecological conservation, cultural preservation and good governance. GNH is a development strategy, indicators system and index, and policy screening tool. A special commission of the government of Bhutan evaluates every decision using the GNH index. GNH index consists of 9 domains (like living standards, education, health, psychological wellbeing etc.) and 33 indicators.
On 19 July 2011, the United Nations approved a Bhutan-sponsored resolution 65/309, titled “Happiness: Towards a Holistic Approach to Development”, which was co-sponsored by 68 countries. It stated that ‘happiness is a fundamental human goal and universal aspiration; that GDP by its nature does not reflect the goal; that unsustainable patterns of production and consumption impede sustainable development; and that a more inclusive, equitable and balanced approach is needed to promote sustainability, eradicate poverty, and enhance wellbeing and profound happiness.”
The course will introduce the concept of GNH, its 9 domains and 33 indicators and its application in Bhutan. The course will discuss global
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